Echmiadzin is the first Christian temple in the world. It is 20km west of Yerevan. It was
founded in 303. It is the holy seat of the Armenian Apostolic
Church. It is the
Mother Cathedral of Armenia,
with its outlying early medieval churches and treasury. For centuries this
has been a cultural and educational center of Armenian. In 405 Mesrop
Mashtots and Catholic Sahak Partev translated the Bible into Armenian.
Many generations of clergy have lived and created within the walls of
Holy Echmiadzin. Here Armenian literature, miniature, painting, medical
science, astronomy have flourished.
You’ll have an chance to visit three unique churches in
Echmiadzin: Hripsime, Gayane and Shogakat.
Church Hripsime is one
of the finest works of Armenian architecture of the classical period.
It stands on a slight elevation, at the eastern edge of Echmiadzin. This
kind of composition is characteristic only of the Christian
churches of the Trans Caucasus. Its expressive silhouette, seen from
afar, stands up sharply against the background of Emerald-green
valley dominated by the snow-capped Mt. Ararat.
It was included in the list of the UNESCO. This church was completed in
618 on the grave of saint Hripsime, who was trying to spread
Church Gayane is near the Cathedral and was
founded in 630 on the grave of saint Gayane who was one of the virgins
who were trying to spread Christianity in Armenia.
This is a domed basilica and is very interesting.
IF YOU WANT TO KNOW ARMENIA AND THE ARMENIANS BETTER, TAKE PART TO THIS TOUR, DURING WHICH YOU WILL BE INFORMED ABOUT THE ADOPTION OF CHRISTIANITY IN ARMENIA.
tribute to the heroes of the Battle of Sardarapat. It is 60 km far
This memorial and museum ensemble was built in 1968 to mark the 50-th
anniversary of the victory over Turkey
in the battle of Sardarapat, which led to the first independent Republic of Armenia in 1918. The monument is
guarded by massive Assyrian-style winged lions, and is flanked by a
memorial garden for Karabagh martyrs. The ground floor of the
museum contains commemorative material from the battle. Starting from the
right, the lower galleries present archaeological materials from Neolithic
to Medieval, and implements for various traditional handicrafts. Upstairs
are exhibits of carpets and embroidery, modern Armenian decorative
ceramics and jewelry.
Zvartnots temple was built in the 7-th century. Zvartnots in
Armenian means << vigil forces>>. The rich and extraordinary
interior decoration of the temple is an evidence, apart from the relieves, by the pieces of
vary-colored smart and tuff mosaic ornaments and fragments of murals
which survived on remnants of plaster. This is a monument which
embodies the centuries-old traditions of remain architects. It is an
outstanding monument of the world architecture, an evidence of the high
level of the development of the artistic and engineering of the 7-th
century in Armenia.
Unfortunately this magic lay in ruins in the 10-th century the reason of
which hasn’t been discovered until now. Even in the ruins it is worth
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